Naciones Unidas

Planning for development in the 60 years of ILPES

The 1990s (1990-2000): The strategic management of the State

As a further extension of the adjustment programs, the state reform processes occurring in Latin America and the Caribbean responded to a criterion of "less state." Throughout the region concurrent processes of decentralization, privatization, deregulation, and outsourcing to the private sector were promoted. As in other periods, the substantive areas of ILPES during the period accompanied the countries in these processes under the auspices of ECLAC, whose iconic publications Sustainable development: changing production patterns, social equity and the environment (1991) and Changing production patterns with social equity (1996) marked thinking on development throughout the decade.  

During the decades of the decline in planning (1980s and 1990s), ILPES with ECLAC, maintained its discourse on the importance of the role of the State and promoted the adoption of strategic planning and public management approaches to support country efforts to improve macroeconomic balances. In parallel and at the microeconomic level, ILPES fostered methodologies for evaluation; regional policies and planning; strategic development planning at the local level; fiscal and administrative decentralization and the new structures of the State for these purposes; as well as in privatization, outsourcing and the new public investment systems and processes that supported these fundamental changes in State structures. Towards the end of the 1990s, the Institute began its research in prospective studies, aimed at helping countries begin to plan for future development. And finally, vis-à-vis the problems associated with globalization and competitiveness, the Institute’s work debated its impacts on territorial space and the role of endogenous development and territorial competitiveness as strategies to address these challenges.  

Featured publications

A selection of seminars (1990s)

Cover Problemas del desarrollo social de América Latina

El presupuesto frente a los nuevos retos de la planificación y coordinación de políticas públicas: informe final / CEPAL-ILPES (1992)

Seminar on Public Budgets and Strategic Management of the State No. 1, Mexico City, 27-30 August 1991. (LC/IP/G.65)

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Seminar on “Project Data Bank and Public Sector Investment Programming / BIRF-EDI / ECLAC-ILPES (1991)

Seminar in Kingston, Jamaica, 22 – 24 November 1991
Four volume compendium (Volume I: Proceedings and Final Report; Volume II: List of Selected National Papers; Volume III: List of Selected Institutional Papers; Volume IV: Manuel for Project Identification, Formulation and Appraisal.


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Modelos e instrumentos para evaluar políticas presupuestarias: informe final (1993)

Second Seminar on Public Budgets and Strategic Management of the State, Buenos Aires, 23-26 June 1992, Finance Secretariat of the Ministry of Economy, Public Works and Services of Argentina, the International Institute of Public Administration of France and ILPES. Sponsored by the Inter-American and Iberian Association of Public Budget (ASIP) and the Argentine Association of Public Budget (ASAP). (LC/IP/G.71)

Cover Serie Textos del ILPES

Seminario-Taller sobre Programación de Inversiones y Banco de Proyectos: compendio de documentos y conclusiones (1993)

Seminar organized by ONAPLAN, IDE, UNDP, ECLAC and ILPES, held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 14-15 January 1993. (LC/IP/L.76)

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Partidos políticos y gestión estratégica (1997)

International Seminar "Political Parties and Strategic Management of the State" in Brasilia, Brazil, 28-29 November 1997, organized jointly with the Government of Brazil, the Government of Italy, the Government of Brazil, and the Government of Italy.    (LC/IP/L.135)